Vitamin D


Vitamin D is an essential nutrient that many people are slightly short on, especially in winter time. A small vitamin D shortage does not have immediate bad effects, but in the long run have a slightly larger chance to get various diseases. Since vitamin D supplements are likely to have a benefit, are extremely unlikely to cause harm and are cheap, it would be best if everyone would take them.

It doesn’t matter whether you take vitamin D2 or D31. The officially recommended daily dose is 15 μg/day, but

In 2011, The Endocrine Society [stated that] at least [37.5-50 μg/day] of supplemental vitamin D might be required in adults

Vitamin D Fact Sheet for Health Professionals

It is known that up to 100 μg/day is safe to take1, so taking a supplement of 25 or 50 μg/day is a good idea.

Positive effects

Our summary of the references2,3,4 is that increasing blood levels of the hormone7 produced from vitamin D slightly reduces total mortality, including deaths due to heart disease and some cancers. Taking 25 μg a day (1000 IU) in the summer and twice as much in winter is very likely to be beneficial and very unlikely to cause harm, so why not add a small pill to your daily diet?


  1. Vitamin D bioavailability: state of the art
  2. Vitamin D at
  3. Vitamin D Fact Sheet for Health Professionals
  4. Vitamin D for Health: A Global Perspective
  5. Vitamin D deficiency in Europe: pandemic?
  6. Gwern on vitamin D
  7. 1,25-hydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)D)